Employment law addresses the various legal rights and obligations of the employees and the employers. Ever since industrial revolution labour rights have assumed great significance and have been an integral part of socio-economic development. Certain employment standards have become social norms. They are minimum socially accepted conditions which have to be ensured by the employer for engaging the employees for any work. All these rules, regulations and minimum standards combined together in a form of legislation, came to be known as employment law.
Need Felt for Employment Law
In the capitalist economies the society was broadly divided into two categories, the bourgeois and the proletariats. The middle class capitalists equipped with materialistic values and conventional attitudes were known as bourgeois, whereas the wage earners were called as proletariats. Thus, there was vast difference between the social statuses of both the classes of people. This setup continued for years long and the proletariats remained the oppressed class, who were often exploited at the hands of the bourgeois.
Gradually with the growth and development, rise and expansion of industries the need for workers created opportunities for the worker class to rise up. Soon they started dominating the economy, as functioning of the industries was dependent on the worker class. This shift was likely to raise conflicts between the employer and employees. It was then that the governments of the developing nations felt the need to enact a law which can govern the relationship between the employers and workers and employment law came into force.
Scope of Employment Law
Every employment law broadly covers the following areas:
- Working conditions for the employees which includes number of work hours and other physical conditions in which workers are made to work.
- Rules for hiring and firing employees.
- Contract employees and freelancers.
- Fair pay laws
- Penalties in case of any dispute between the employers and employees.
Hence, employment law guards workers and employers from both the side.
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